Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain. His full name is “Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso” his parents named him after several of his relative and saints.

His father was an artist too and a professor of art; art was such a big part of Pablo’s childhood his first words were to ask for a pencil! Pablo’s father was so proud he was an artist that they drew and painted together every chance they got. When Pablo was 13 his father declared that Pablo was a better artist than him!

Sylvette, 1954 by Pablo Picasso

Pablo was not a very good student. He was so good at art that he was often in classes with students that were much older than him. Pablo got put in detention a lot because he didn’t like being told what to do.

When Pablo grew up he moved to Paris and became very poor. He and his artist friends were roommates and during the winter they were so poor that they burned their paintings to keep warm.

Jacqueline Kneeling, 1954 by Pablo Picasso

Pablo loved all kinds of art so much that he sometimes used them in different pieces of his work. When artist are influenced by other artist or kinds of art they call it a ‘period’. Pablo had lots of different art periods during his life, some of them were Blue Period, Rose Period, African Period, Cubist Period, Neoclassicism, Surrealism, and Sculpture. When Pablo was very old he did art from all different times during his life.

When the ‘Mona Lisa’ was stolen from the Louvre in 1911 the police brought in Pablo’s friend Guillaume Apollinaire, for questioning. Apollinaire blamed Picasso for the theft, which caused the police to detain the artist. Both of them were later released.

Man with a Pipe, 1915 by Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso died from a heart attack in April 8, 1973 when he was 91 years old in Mougin, France. His paintings are some of the most expensive paintings in the world . Most of his paintings sell for more than 10 million each, and one of his paintings sold for over $106 million!

Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937 by Pablo Picasso

The Color Wheel is Important. Why?

Colors have been around since the literal dawn of time, but the color wheel was invented in 1706 by Isaac Newton.

Isaac Newton was known for being a mathematician, scientist, and astronomer, but I’ve always thought of him as the color wheel guy with way too much hair

He arranged the colors red, yellow, and blue in equal parts on a circle and then spun the circle very fast so that the person looking at the spinning wheel couldn’t see the colors and their eyes only saw white. There’s a science reason behind that, but we won’t get into that.

The color wheel is important because it shows colors relationships with each other.

Let’s start with the primaries! The primary colors are Red, Yellow, and Blue are so special because these are the colors that can’t be made. They are all by themselves. You can mix the primary to make any of the other colors, and you can add white to lighten them up, but you can’t mix green and purple to make red.

Secondaries are fun because you mix two primaries to get a secondary. These colors are orange, green, and purple. If you have all of the primary colors you can use them to make any secondary or tertiary colors.

The third category isn’t really talked about outside of an art class, but it is important. Tertiary colors are a mix between a primary color and a secondary color. Fun Fact! When talking about the tertiary colors the name is always written of spoken with primary color – secondary color. So its ALWAYS Red-Orange, and not Orange-Red.

Black, white, grey, and some browns are considered neutral colors. These colors can be used all by themselves or added to another color to add depth and contrast. Another way neutrals can be used, these colors can be mixed into any other color to create shades, tones, and tints. A shade is created by adding black to a color. A tone is created by adding grey, while a tint is created by adding white.